In the autumn of 2010 joint archaeological expedition of Archaeology Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow), the South Russian Center of archaeological researches (Krasnodar) and Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute for the History of Material Culture (IHMC RAS St.-Peterburg) conducted researches in Anapa region of Krasnodar territory. Works were conducted with the support and assistance of volunteers of «Archeology» Fund. Archaeological exploration gave a really unexpected and even sensational result.
The territory which was traditionally considered by researchers as a living place of local, barbarous tribes the remains of Greek settlements have been found. This makes to think about. But the most sensational was the discovering of a Greek temple constructed in the end of VI century BC. It was constructed in the best traditions of Greek architecture of the time. It possibly had 4 columns, at an entrance (outside) there was the altar. A stone-paved path led to the altar. The bases remained only, but they remained untouched, as well as the first rows of laying and it allows to judge about the quality and architecture of the building. Now it is clear already that the building was covered by painted plaster, blocked by tile of Laconian type rare for Bospor. Another discovery: tile manufactures of the early times have not been fixed on territories of Bospor before. Later, in V century the building was reconstructed — there were internal walls, the roof was redone (this time by usual for Bospor flat tiles — keramids). And again of their own manufacture. In the beginning of IV century the building for some reasons ended its existence.
This complex is unique not only for our country (there are no more antique temples of VI — V centuries BC in the territory of Russia), but also for the former CIS where there are no remains of early-times temples in such a good condition.
There is a question — what to do with this temple (and prospecting materials showed that this temple was not only one, there were similar constructions nearby). Archeologists will finish the work, then they will leave and...
If we leave the complex open as an object of museum exhibition, by the spring all the stone will be picked for constructions. Still such museum complexes are necessary for Krasnodar region.
If the given object is filled up with earth they will continue to plow it, tractors will fall in pits, stones will hamper tractors and plows — soon the complex would remain nothing. Stones will be partially removed by plows (as it occurs on the nearest field), and partially picked for construction purposes and "not to interfere". If the earth after excavations become more friable will lead to sooner distruction.
Anyway, after leaving this place archeologists robbers in search of "treasures" would come and completely destroy all the complex. Also I will repeat - the next constructions are there and annually the remains of ancient constructions are ploughed on the given site.
This complex already become popular in scientific circles. People write to us from Moscow, St.-Petersburg, Kiev, Germany, Italy. They congratulate us, want to arrive and come. Characteristic is the fact that no official from Department for Protection of monuments in Krasnodar territory has not reached the place yet. A question what to do has an abstract answer — "one needs to think". And there is no time for meditations. The impression is made that officials wait, when the problem "will resolve" by itself and then they will be free. When a monument, anyhow, is destroyed, officials inertly send letters to militia or Office of Public Prosecutor. Tha case closes because of "the absence of crime". Archeologists who signed the certificate about destructions will be scold that they had incorrectly drawn up the Statement. So it all will calm down: correspondence has taken place — it's done. There is no culture monument (and it is, undoubtedly, a MONUMENT of national value), and there are no problems. They have resolved by themselves . The foundation pit for walls of the antique temple shed (and the shed) is to become the Gravestone monument to our culture.
Alas, probably, our country has not ripened yet to comprehend that falling of culture level leads increasing quantity of criminals (and the latest events in the region is the evidence to it). Nation without the past and roots is dead. It seems that we are already behind line...
I am afraid that as soon as we will leave the monument will be destroyed!
The chief of East Bosporus archeological expedition of Archaeology Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ph.D. of Historical Sciences Nikolay Sudarev.